Harmony was incorporated and registered as a public company in South Africa on 25 August 1950 and later became a Randgold-managed company, exploiting the single Harmony mine lease. In 1995, Harmony was recreated as a separate entity following the winding up of Randgold.

Harmony’s operations have grown significantly since 1995, expanding from a single, lease-bound mining operation into an independent, world-class gold producer. The group received additional mining rights in the Free State, Mpumalanga, Gauteng and North West province in South Africa when it acquired Lydex in 1997, Evander in 1998, Kalgold in 1999, Randfontein in 2000, ARMgold in 2003 and Avgold in 2004.

Mining operations are conducted through various subsidiaries. Harmony's principal subsidiaries are Randfontein Estates, Evander Gold Mines, ARMgold/Harmony Freegold JV, ARMgold, Avgold Kalahari Goldridge Mining Company and Harmony Gold (Australia) (Pty) Limited. All are wholly-owned, direct subsidiaries incorporated in South Africa.

Company development timeline


August: Harmony incorporated and registered as a public company in South Africa.


Management agreement between Randgold & Exploration Company Limited (Randgold) and Harmony cancelled and replaced with service agreement.


Service agreement between Randgold and Harmony cancelled resulting in Harmony operating as a completely independent gold mining company.
Acquisition of Lydenburg Exploration Limited (Lydex).


June: Acquisition of Bissett gold mine from the liquidators of Rea Gold corporation.
July: The acquisition of Evander Gold Mines Limited.


October: Acquisition of Kalgold and West Rand Consolidated Mines Limited.


March: Acquisition of Randfontein Estates Ltd.


April: Acquisition of the Elandskraal mining operations from AngloGold Limited.
April: Acquisition of New Hampton Goldfields Limited.
September: Acquisition of 31.8% of the issued share capital of Bendigo Mining NL.
December: Acquisition of 50% of the issued share capital of Freegold Proprietary Limited (Freegold) which purchased the Freegold operations and certain other assets.


April: Acquisition of Hill 50 Limited.
May: Acquisition of 32.5% of the ordinary share capital of Highland Gold Limited.
October: Joint acquisition by Freegold of St. Helena Mine from Gold Fields.
November: Harmony lists on the New York Stock Exchange.
November: Acquisition of 21% of the ordinary share capital of High River Gold Limited.


January: Randfontein, entered into agreement with Africa Vanguard Resources (Pty) Ltd (AVR), in terms of which Randfontein sold 26% of its mineral rights in respect of Doornkop Mining Area to AVR. Randfontein and AVR entered into a JV agreement to jointly conduct mining operations at Doornkop.
February: Harmony announces offer for Abelle Limited.
May: Announcement of merger with ARMgold.
May: Announcement of an acquisition by Freegold of 34.5% of the shares of Anglovaal Mining Limited (Avmin) in which Harmony and ARMgold each have 50%.
August: Shareholder approval of the merger between Harmony and ARMgold for which 64,000,000 Harmony shares were issued to ARMgold, in the ratio of 2 Harmony shares for every 3 ARMgold shares.
August: The arrangements between Randfontein and AVR were implemented, and purchase price paid as per the agreement drawn up in January 2003.
August: Highland Gold at GBP2.05 per share valuing the shareholding at ZAR830m.
October: Harmony disposed of its 17.0% shareholding in High River Gold at C$1.75 per share valuing the shareholding at ZAR156.7m.
November: Harmony enters in to an agreement to dispose of its wholly-owned subsidiary Kalgold to Afrikander Lease Limited (Aflease). The conditions precedent was not met and the contract was subsequently cancelled on March 15, 2004.
November: Abelle enters into negotiations with Legend Mining Limited (Legend) whereby Legend offered to purchase the Gidgee gold project.
November: Announcement that: Avmin will dispose of its entire 42.2% interest in Avgold to Harmony, Harmony will dispose of its Kalplats platinum discovery and associated mineral rights to Avmin.


March: Harmony completes disposal of 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Bissett to Rice Lake Joint Venture Inc, a joint venture between San Gold and Gold City.
April: Harmony acquired the entire shareholding or ordinary shares in Avgold Limited. Harmony also disposed on it Kalplats platinum project. In May 2004, Avgold became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Harmony.
April: Harmony announced a joint venture with Network Healthcare Holdings. The Joint Venture company, Health-Manco, provides health care services for the Harmony Group.
May: Harmony announced that it had raised ZAR1.7bn by way of issue of convertible bonds to international investors.
October: Harmony launches proposal to merge with Gold Fields.


February: Harmony announced that it had been approached by the financial advisor to a consortium being formed to create a new black empowerment company proposing to purchase Harmony’s 20% stake in ARM for approximately ZAR1.1bn. The consortium is expected to be led by African Rainbow Minerals & Exploration Investments (Proprietary) Limited, a company affiliated with Harmony’s chairman, Patrice Motsepe.
November: Harmony sells off all Gold Fields shares.


March: Harmony acquires a 29.2% stake in Western Areas (converted into Gold Fields shares end of 2006)
December: Harmony closes its Musuku Refinery.


March: Harmony announces intended buy back of the royalty rights of Hidden Valley, PNG, from Rio Tinto.
July: Harmony sells South Kal Mine operations in Australia to Dioro Exploration, and ownership is transferred on 30 November 2007.
September: Harmony signs deal with Pamodzi Gold for the sale of the Orkney mines in South-Africa.
November: Harmony signs letter of intent to sell Mount Magnet operations in Australia to Monarch Gold Mining Company.
December: Harmony announces agreement with Pamodzi Resources Fund to form a new gold and uranium company by selling the Cooke assets into a special purpose vehicle, leading to the establishment of Rand Uranium as a stand-alone company.


February: Harmony’s transaction with Pamodzi Gold is officially concluded.
March: Harmony’s buy back of the Hidden Valley royalty rights concluded.
April: Harmony announces the Morobe Mining Joint Ventures in partnership with Newcrest Mining Limited of Australia
July: Harmony’s sale of Mount Magnet to Monarch cancelled; assets placed on care and maintenance, and sale process resumed.
July: Ministerial approval was granted by the PNG government for the arrangements between Harmony and Newcrest regarding the Morobe Mining Joint Ventures in PNG.
August: The Morobe Mining Joint Ventures officially begins with ministerial approval having been received from the Papua New Guinea government.
November: The Randfontein transaction becomes effective.
December: Capital raising by issuing of 10 504 795 shares.


January: Two new general managers were appointed – at the Virginia and the Evander operations – in line with the strategy to strengthen and develop Harmony’s management team and controls.
March: New general manager appointed at Elandsrand (now Kusasalethu), as Harmony continues to strengthen its leadership team.
March: In co-ordination with the South African Police Services (SAPS), a significant exercise aimed at the prevention of criminal mining was undertaken at Harmony’s Free State operations over a period of 10 days. Additional plans and procedures were also put in place to mitigate the impact of illegal mining.
March: A further R938 million was raised, before costs, through the placement of 7 540 646 shares between 10 February 2009 and 6 March 2009 at an average share price of R124.
April: New general manager appointed at Bambanani.
April: Second and final tranche of the proceeds from the sale of the Randfontein Cooke assets received to give a total consideration for this transaction of US$209 million.
May: The proceeds from the capital raising and the Rand Uranium transaction used to repay Harmony’s convertible bond and its major short-term debt.


February: Elandsrand formally renamed Kusasalethu.
February: Acquisition of Pamodzi Gold’s Free State assets.
April: Closure announced of the Virginia operation’s Harmony 2, Merriespruit 1 and Merriespruit 3 shafts as they reach their end of their economically viable lives.
May: The Hidden Valley mine in PNG began commercial production with the commissioning of the plant.
July: Significant increase reported in the Wafi-Golpu mineral resource in PNG.
September: Hidden Valley mine in PNG, Harmony’s first offshore greenfields project, officially opened.


March: Wafi-Golpu drill hole results announced, recording the highest mineralisation values to date.
July: Release of statement of Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves as at 30 June 2011 confirms that Wafi-Golpu has a resource exceeding 1 billion tonnes.
August: US class action settlement.


March: Employee share ownership plan – The Tlhakanelo Employee Share Trust.
May: Disposal of Evander Gold Mines Limited to Pan African Resources Plc, announced.
August: Golpu Gold equivalent reserve ounces significantly enhance value of Harmony’s asset.
October: Experienced severe labour unrest from 3 October to 20 December, when operations at the mine were suspended.


January: Section 189 discussions for Kusasalethu mine initiated with unions, employees and shareholders begin.
February: Phased re-opening of Kusasalethu announced following successful conclusion of an agreement with the unions.
June: Harmony and Department of Mining Engineering at University of Pretoria launch Mining Rock Engineering initiative.
August: PNG Minister of Mining visited Harmony and its operations in South Africa.
September: Following NUM’s announcement of its intention to strike on 30 August, agreement was reached and signed with employees and the Chamber of Mines on 8 September.
September: Following receipt of a strike notice at the end of August, employees returned to work with operations being normalized by 8 September.
December: Underground exploration planned at Wafi-Golpu, a feasibility study to be completed.


January: Following receipt of a strike notice on 20 January from AMCU at Harmony’s Kusasalethu and Masimong mines, among other mines in the industry, a court interdict was sought by the Chamber of Mines on behalf of the gold producers and the strike as declared unprotected on 30 January.
February: Following a seismic event, rockfall and devastating fire which led to the death of nine employees at Doornkop, operations are suspended and an external safety audit team appointed voluntarily by Harmony to assess and report on safety at all of the company’s South African operations.
March: Operations resume at Doornkop in terms of a “slow, detailed start-up plan”.
August: In order to improve operating margins and increase free cash flow, the Phakisa decline project is suspended. Also announced that as part of plan to ensure the long-term sustainability of the company, the Target 3 mine would be placed on care and maintenance by the end of November 2014.
October: Harmony receives ‘top honours’ from the CDP for its carbon disclosure and reporting.
October: Announcement that serious action is to be taken at Kusasalethu to combat illegal mining which poses a serious threat to the health and safety of employees and the viability of the mine.
November: The big five gold producers in South Africa, including Harmony, seek a comprehensive solution to occupational lung disease.
December: Harmony releases its updated prefeasibility results for the Golpu Project’s Stage 1 to the market. Harmony and Newcrest Mining Limited equally own Golpu in a 50/50 joint venture.


January: Harmony announced that its South African operations reported its first ever fatal free quarter ended December 2014.
February: All 486 employees at the company’s Kusasalethu mine were brought safely to surface following an underground fire that was contained.
March: Geologists intersected a highly significant zone of copper-gold mineralisation at Harmony’s 100% owned Kili Teke exploration prospect in Papua New Guinea.
July: On 16 July 2015, the Board advised that Graham Briggs, Chief Executive Officer had indicated his wish to retire as CEO and member of the board.
July: Superb exploration results from Harmony’s 100% owned Kili Teke project when KTDD013 delivered the following result: 186m @ 1.02% Cu, 0.72 g/t Au from 256m.
September: Harmony was notified by the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) on the 8th of September 2015 that the Company’s (ticker on NYSE: HMY) trading price of the Harmony American Depositary Receipt (“ADR” or “Harmony ADR”) had fallen below the NYSE’s continued listing standard which requires that a Harmony ADR’s minimum average closing price should not be less than US$1.00 per ADR over a period of 30 consecutive trading days. The Company was given a period of six months until 8 March 2016 to regain compliance with the minimum share price requirement.
October: Harmony reached a three year wage agreement with unions representing the majority of the Company’s employees.
November: Harmony handed over two projects worth more than R12 million to the Kraaipan community, North West province, close to its Kalgold mine.
November: Peter Steenkamp gets appointed as Harmony’s new chief executive officer, effective from 1 January 2016.
November: Maiden Mineral Resource estimate announced for Kili Teke prospect of 506,000 tonnes of copper, 1.2 Moz of gold and 22,000 tonnes of molybolenum.


February: The trading price of the Harmony American Depository Receipts (ADRs) on the New York Stock Exchange (Ticker:HMY) complied with the NYSE's continued listing standard.
June: Harmony and Department of Mining Engineering at University of Pretoria launched Mining Rock Engineering initiative.
September: Harmony acquired full ownership of Hidden Valley open-pit gold and silver mine.
October: Hidden Valley transaction completed.


February: Cathie Markus resigned as independent non-executive director.
July: Our South African and Papua New Guinean operations achieved a milestone fatality free quarter during the June 2017 quarter.
August: Following a seismic event at Kusasalethu mine, five employees were trapped underground, all of whom succumbed to their injuries.
October: Harmony Gold entered into an agreement with AngloGold Ashanti to acquire its Moab Khotsong and Great Noligwa mines for US$300 million.